Bio and Socio Medical

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Biomedical and Socio medical model of health Biomedical and Socio medical model of health The main purpose of the biomedical model of health is to cure diseases in which health professionals will use scientifically tested methods to address a diagnosed illness. The biomedical model of health focuses on purely biological factors, and excludes psychological, environmental, and social influences. This model relates to the functionalist approach of health as it specifies that health is the absences of disease and it’s regarded as dysfunctional for the society as individuals cannot make a positive contribution to the running of society. According to the perspective of Marxists, he argued that doctors encourage the production rate of the…show more content…
* Illness is a temporary state that can be changed by the intervention of medical skill. * Does not address the social and psychological factors that contribute to good health. * Is criticised for being technology centred and expensive. * In the 21st Century the model remains powerful in Western medicine. Weaknesses of the Biomedical model * Assumptions of generic disease however symptoms treated like disease * If individuals take upon a sick role one must be exempt from social responsibilities. * Refers to the abnormal changes in the body’s structure or the functioning as a disease * Only medical professionals have the expertise to identify and diagnose the illness. * Little regard is paid to environmental and social factors that may have led to ill health Strengths of the socio medical model * Understands and considers the patients experiences. Government recommends topics of improving mental health. * Recognises the effectiveness of the promotion of health via polices and legislations. * Introduced the treatment for mental health problems * Omits the dimension of power so as to avoid inequality in health. * Believes that health can be improving the social conditions as it can affect health of some particular groups. Weaknesses of the socio medical model * Failure to fully discuss the psychosocial factors which have proven to be powerful factors
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