Bio-oil Production with Algae

1640 WordsFeb 2, 20187 Pages
Introduction to Bio-oil production with Algae What is Bio-Oil? 1. Introduction to Bio-Oil and Algae strains Bio-Oil is an organic fuel that contains energy that is made from natural living organisms. They are produced from lipids which are merged with other ingredients which chemically produces Bio-Oil. Fossil fuels are generally easier to harness but it is produces a lot of carbon emission which is greatly detrimental to the health of the environment. Thus, the idea of Bio-fuel is introduced as an alternative to Fossil Fuels. Furthermore, micro-algae produces nearly 2362.20% of what Palm Oil can produce in a year commercially (635 gallons), which was previous more used source of Bio-Oil. [Hodge, 2014] Algae do not take up as much space as crops and grown on 2 Arce would produce 30000 Oil Yield compared to 236.22 Acre of RapeSeed which produces the same amount of Oil Yield. However, there are at least 300,000 different strains of Algae which can cause a difference production of Bio-Oil. Thus, we have to segregate the optimal ones from the inferior ones. First of all, algae requires light, water temperatures, nitrates, fertilizers, carbon dioxide and oxygen in order to grow. The growth of these cells require light supply which is much more important compared to the other factors as the autotrophic cultivation of algae is heavily dependent on light. Meanwhile, Nitrate and fertilizers (phosphates) enable cells to produce amino acids which is further used to strengthen
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