Biodiversity, Or Biological Diversity

1720 Words Sep 12th, 2015 7 Pages
Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is a technical term that captures diversity of the whole living world, from genes to individual species, through plant and animal communities and entire biomes (Defra, 2010). In other words, biodiversity represents genes, species, and ecosystems, which are the structural elements that are nestled within each other, and their ecological functions, in an area (Cepel, 1997; Ozcelik, 2006).

Biodiversity provides the building blocks for our ecosystems to function, which provide us with a wide range of goods and services that support our economic and social wellbeing (Defra, 2011). For example, these include food, fresh water and clean air, along with protection from natural disasters, regulation of climate, and purification of water or pollination of crops. Moreover, biodiversity offers important cultural services, which enrich our lives (Defra, 2011; Cepel, 1996). In that perspective, biodiversity can be considered as a significant strategic resource of economic and political affairs (Demir, 2013).

1.2 Sustainability Challenges for Biodiversity

Despite all the evidence that are uncovered about its importance, biodiversity is under serious threat (Defra, 2011), as human beings seem to be determined on destroying ecosystems and species at an ever-increasing rate (Cepel, 1996; Lawton, 2015; Topcu, 2012). The planet Earth is now experiencing the sixth great extinction event, which is significant, because it is the first great extinction…
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