Biography Of Charles Edouard Jeanneret, The French Architect, Designer And Writer

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Le Corbusier

Student: Siena Geddes, 7693990
Class: 20th Century Design
Lecturer: Manfred Huber
Date: 1st September 2014
Word Count: 1921
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, better known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner and writer, active predominately in France, during the first half of the 20th century. Today, he is widely regarded to have been the most immensely influential architect, in terms of town planning and the architectural surroundings for which we now see, since Palladio in the 16th century.

Born in Switzerland, Jeanneret nurtured his artistic talents while studying at the La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School in Switzerland. He later travelled extensively through Europe, as a sort of
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During his career, which spanned five decades, Le Corbusier’s passion for urban planning and for providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, saw him construct renowned buildings throughout America, India and Europe. More than any other architect of the modern movement, Le Corbusier insisted on one particular ideal of design; that architecture was the product of individual creative intelligence, and that the order for which we create with architecture should be ideal, not pragmatic. He was famously noted to have said, “The house is a machine for living in.” However, by saying this, Le Corbusier was implying that the machine was a template for an art form, whose character and structure should be explicitly determined by laws “internal to itself.”

As an architect, Le Corbusier subscribed to International Style, a major architectural style and movement which arose in the 1920s and 1930s; the seminal decades of modern architecture. In 1932, The Museum of Modern Art in New York (MoMa) opened their exhibition Modern Architecture - International Exhibition. The exhibition, divided into six rooms, showcased models of housing developments, photos of buildings, houses and other works by some of the most influential and groundbreaking architects of the International Style, including Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, J.J.P. Oud and Frank Lloyd Wright.

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