Biography Of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 's Antarctic Adventure
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Introduction Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish-born British explorer who led an unsuccessful trans-Antarctic expedition that nearly cost him and his crew of 27 their lives when his ship, the Endurance, was trapped and eventually crushed by ice. The Endurance party repeatedly faced what were surely going to be fatal situations; yet each time they beat the odds and survived. While their survival may be in some part due to luck or providence, Shackleton’s leadership is widely credited with tipping the scales in their favor. This historic journey, documented in the WBGH film Shackleton’s Antarctic Adventure (2001), reveals some examples of Shackleton 's transformational and transactional leadership behaviors and traits.
On…show more content… After 36 hours of trekking across the unmapped island, they arrived at the whaling station. Shortly after Shackleton and his team arrived at Stromness, a boat was sent to rescue the other two crew members on the opposite side of South Georgia. Shortly thereafter, Shackleton set out in a borrowed ship to save the 22 men he had left behind on Elephant Island, but ice continually thwarted his attempts for more than four more months. Finally, on August 30, 1916, Shackleton was able to reach Elephant Island and rescue his stranded crew. As he neared land, he anxiously counted the figures on the beach and told his second in command Worsley, "They 're all there, Skipper. They are all safe" (Shackleton’s Antarctic Adventure (2001) @ 37:41). Miraculously, not a single life had been lost during the two year ordeal.
Lessons in leadership Bass’s (1990) transformational-transactional leadership theory contains nine elements; charisma (or idealized influence), inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, contingent reward, management by exception (active and passive), and Laissez-Faire (no leadership). Shackleton demonstrated many of these leadership elements while leading his crewmen on the Endurance expedition. Shackleton was certainly charismatic. He was able to convince Sir James Key Caird to donate £24,000 (James Caird Society, n.d.) to fund this expedition due to his charisma. He was also able to convince 27 men to follow him in his