Biography of Charles Darwin

884 Words Jul 13th, 2018 4 Pages
Charles Darwin can easily be recognized as a pure genius. In his lifetime, he single-handedly changed the way we see the world. His theories led to the study of the modern evolutionary theory of the world. Charles was a collector of plants, animals, and other specimens. From an early age, Charles had an immense love for nature, which started his career as a scientist. His trip to the Galapagos Islands forever changed his life and reputation. His two famous works were the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man.

Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England, in 1809. He was the son of Doctor Robert Darwin. His father was a wealthy aristocrat, and also a good investor. During Darwin’s first years in life, his mother was very ill, and
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Darwin also theorized that “man is firmly rooted in the animal kingdom” and that all animals are cousins of each other.
     
Darwin found the most important findings at the Galapagos Islands. These islands were filled with exotic life. These creatures were prehistoric-like, and not afraid of humans. This island was abundant with similar animals with slight variations. He found finches with small beaks used for insects and berries, and finches with much tougher beaks used for nuts. He determined that these creatures mutate in order to survive in their environment. This theory became known as “survival of the fittest”, or Natural Selection. Natural Selection is natural variations among a specie to insure the species reproductive success. During his voyage around the world, Darwin collected 1,500 animals, and 4,000 samples of skin and bones of his specimens.
     
After his return, Darwin married his first cousin, Emma Wedgwood in 1839. A major factor in their marriage was that he could not believe in Christianity. Darwin was troubled with chills and vomiting. For the next 40 years of his life, Darwin’s productivity was cutback. He was unable to work for more than 3 hours at a time. Out of his 10 children, only 7 survived to adulthood. He was a loving father to all of his children, and could not bear to see them suffering. Annie died at age 9, which spurred his belief of the end of a just world.
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