Isaac Newton was a key figure in the development of the age of reason. His achievements revolutionized physics and mathematics and he has been recognized as an undisputed genius (Gardner 13). Newton was a intriguing individual who played an important role in the advancement of the scientific community of his time and of today.
Newton was born on Christmas day in 1642 to a widowed farming mother. When he was three his mother left him in the care of his grandmother, so she could remarry (Westfall 1). After being widowed for a second time she came back to help care for her son. At the age of twelve he was sent to The King’s School in Grantham to continue his education. Here he began to develop a growing love for books and an interest in
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He also invented the methods of calculus and began his research of optics and the color spectrum (da C. Andrade 50). The unfortunate thing about Newton’s astounding discoveries was that he never published any of them until later in his life, which caused much conflict. This period was the prime of Newton’s interest in math and science, as time progressed his interest faded towards alchemistry (chemical experimentation) and "interpreting Biblical prophecy" of which his written works far outnumber those on natural philosophy and mathematics (Gardner 13). Despite his in-depth involvement in logic and natural philosophy, Newton still passionately believed in the necessity of God. He felt that only a divine being could create a universe of such harmonic balance, and that God periodically intervened to keep everything intact and working properly (White 329). Newton’s character astounded some and outraged others. Newton was very withdrawn from the world, all his works he studied and performed in isolation and seldom shared his ideas with others. The delay of the publication of his works in natural philosophy was due to his extreme fear of criticism. Newton’s greatest work Philosophiea Naturalis Principia Mathmatica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), often just called the Principia, wasn’t published until 1686, after Edmond Halley had convinced him to publish it despite Newton’s fear of his devout critic, Robert Hooke (Weisstein 1). Newton

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