Biography of Mao Zedong

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INTRODUCTION Born on December 26, 1893, Mao Zedong was the founding leader of the People's Republic of China and ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1949 up until he died on September the 9th, 1976. He is largely accredited with crafting the post-revolution policies known as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution (Joseph, 1986) which have left many critics arguing that the political and economic devastation those policies left are what define his legacy. Mao Zedong however, left a legacy that far outweighs the aforementioned argument. How Mao improved CHINA internally Mao Zedong’s most central passion was his insistence in the empowerment of the peasants. Once Mao Zedong ascended to leadership, land reform became the principal feature of the “Chinese Communist Party line” (Chang, 2014). In 1950 he oversaw the implemented the Agrarian Reform Law (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014) which gave the land to the peasants, and authorised ‘people’s courts’ to try their former landlords. Subsequently, the agrarian reform re-assigned more than half the land to the peasants meaning that 300 million peasants were effectively given 47 million hectares of land. Additionally, Mao empowered peasants by giving jobs to peasants from the countryside and prioritising them in the industrialisation process which led to the dramatic reduction in the unemployment levels and introduction of insurance for workers. Under Chairman Mao, the public healthcare system
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