Biography of Marie Antoinette Essay

2100 Words 9 Pages
Biography of Marie Antoinette


Born with the name Antonia, Marie Antoinette was born in Vienna, Austria on November 2, 1755. Marie-Antoinette was one of the 16 children of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa, queen of Hungary and Bohemia. She was the youngest and most beautiful daughter of all. Marie Antoinette was brought up believing her destiny was to become queen of France. Marie Antoinette's first child was Marie Therese Charlotte(Madame Royale).

Unpopular Queen
Marie Antoinette supposedly had numerous affairs, especially the one with Count Hans Axel Fersen, who was a Swedish diplomat. Yet Marie Antoinette was reviled in pornographic songs, pictures and pamphlets. Someone even published a fake autobiography
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Especially damaging was her supposed connection with the so-called Diamond Necklace a scandal involving the fraudulent purchase of some jewels in 1785.


The Diamond Necklace Affair (1785)
The Cardinal de Rohan wished to improve his social and job stats. at Versailles, and a woman name or calling herself the Comtesse de La Motte offered to help him. Unfortunately for Rohan, Jeanne de La Motte was not really a Comtesse. She was a con artist. She hired a woman to dress like Marie Antoinette and meet the cardinal in the gardens of Versailles at night. The ?queen? gave Rohan a rose and left, leaving the cardinal under the illusion that he had met Marie Antoinette.

After that La Motte told the cardinal that the queen wanted him to purchase a very expensive diamond necklace for her duty. Obediently the cardinal he got the necklace and gave it to La Motte, expecting the queen to pay for it. Of course, Marie Antoinette never saw the necklace; La Motte gave the diamonds to her husband, who took them to London and sold them. When the jewelers demanded payment, the Diamond Necklace Affair became public. The Cardinal de Rohan and Jeanne La Motte were arrested. The cardinal was tried and acquitted. La Motte was locked up, publicly flogged, and identified. Eventually she…