Biography of Queen Nafertiti

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Queen Nefertiti 1. My historical figure’s name is Queen Nefertiti, which means "the beautiful one has come” 2. Queen Nefertiti ruled alongside her husband, Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) of the 18th dynasty, New kingdom (r. 1372-1355 BCE) of Ancient Egypt. 3. Her dates of birth and death are thought to have been somewhere around (ca. 1370 BC – ca. 1330 BC) 4. Nefertiti and her husband associated themselves with the sun god “Aten.” Nefertiti and her husband, Akhenaten were best known for the 'Amarna Heresy'. Nefertiti and her husband established the cult of the sun god, Aten. They overturned the old gods of Egypt and closed all of the temples. They based their new religion around one deity, the Aten, or solar sun disc, and they moved the capital from Thebes, Egypt to a new location called Akhetaten. It is believed that the king and queen were high priests and that only through them, ordinary citizens were able to gain access to Aten. It is believed that Nefertiti changed her name to Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti, meaning "beautiful are the beauties of Aten, a beautiful woman has come," to show of her absolutism and dedication for the new religion. 5. Nefertiti's family history is not necessarily known or supported factually, but a popular theory among historians is that she was the daughter of Ay who was a later to be pharaoh at the time. Some other theories suggest she was a princess from the Mittani kingdom in northern Syria or that she was born in a foreign country. Some claim

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