Biography on Sir George Gabriel Stokes

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SIR GEORGE GABRIEL STOKES Sir George Gabriel Stokes, 1st Baronet, was an Irish physicist, mathematician, politician and theologian. He was born on 13 August 1819, in Ireland, as the youngest son in the eight children of a very religious Protestant family. His father Gabriel Stokes was the rector of Skreen; and his mother, Elizabeth Haughton, was the daughter of John Haugton, the rector of Kilrea, County Londonderry He first educated in Dublin, Ireland, and later he was sent to England where he continued his education. He spent two years in Bristol College, which played an important role in his later studies at Cambridge. In 1837 he became a student at Pembroke College, Cambridge and stayed there for the rest of his life. Stokes did not limit himself with the current curriculum; along with mathematics, Newtonian gravitational theory and the new wave theory of light, he was also interested in theological books. He graduated from there as senior wrangler, which is the best rank for a mathematical undergraduate at Cambridge (even timely it was called as “the greatest intellectual achievement attainable in Britain”); and also won the Smith’s Prize which was an annual award for research students in mathematics, applied mathematics and theoretical physics. University of Cambridge was also the place where he attended his Lucasian professorship, which was before a title of Newton too. After graduating, he joined the fellowship at Pembroke College which he had to resign few years

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