Biological And Social Effects On Sexual Orientation

1406 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 6 Pages
The Biological and Social Effects on Sexual Orientation
The origin and cause of human sexual orientation have been highly debated topics between sociologist and biologists. Most scientists believe sexual orientation is biologically determined while sociologists argue that it is socially constructed. There is a third belief that human sexual orientation is not solely biologically determined or socially constructed. From this belief come theories that combine both arguments, where human sexual orientation contains a biological component and a social component. One of the conjoint theories is that humans are born with a propensity for certain sexual tendencies which are determined biologically, and these tendencies are developed into a complex sexual identity as an adult. This development of sexual tendencies into a sexual identity is influenced by society, and therefore, sexual orientation depends on biological influences as well as society and social influences. There is various evidence and arguments for biological determination and social construction of sexual orientation, as well as a few conjoint theories of sexual orientation, but there are also criticisms of each theory and the validity of these arguments will be explored.
Biological determinism of sexual orientation is also known as the evolutionary psychologist’s view of sexual orientation. Evolutionary psychologists believe that the human mind has developed according to evolutionary methods, such as natural…
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