Biological Determinants Of Hiv / Aids

2074 Words Jun 2nd, 2016 9 Pages
During 1980, physicians encountered a new kind of illness. This “illness” was later known to be HIV/AIDS. The unmanageable infection spread quickly and those who were infected died even with optimal therapy. Mass panic came to realize the-the disease was linked to sex, blood, and drugs. This disease was not only “strange” because of its singular clinical and epidemiologic characteristics, but also foreign that was brought by strangers. It seemed to have come from an underdeveloped part in the world. In this paper, I will research biological determinants of HIV/AIDS.
HIV is a human immunodeficiency virus for which the virus is responsible for HIV infections. The virus attacks the immune system making it impossible for the immune system to fight off infections and diseases. HIV is a lentil retrovirus with a genetic complexity not seen previously among any kind of retrovirus. It operates in an inconspicuous nature comprising several parts: HIV destroys immunologically important white blood cells called T-helper cells (CD4+.) It goes inside a host cell DNA, where it can remain stays for extended periods and it inactively infects cells of monocyte lineage that can move throughout the body. It also has an affinity to nerve cells making it neurotropic and its antigenic biological properties are heterogeneous. However, HIV is distinct from acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS, which is the full syndrome that consequently damages the immune system. AIDS is a stage when an…

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