Biological Determinism, Subculture Crime And Conflict Theories

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The theories that will be looked at in order to provide a sufficient report for the judge on what caused Albert to enter a life of crime which culminated in his conviction for murder are; biological determinism, ecological determinism, subculture crime and conflict theories.
Biological determinism

One of the best known application of biological determinism in relation to crime is from Cesare Lombroso who “Viewed criminals as suffering from a depravity caused by an atavistic reversion:” In other words, through a regression to the early form of life found in Humans ape-like ancestors. “Lombroso believed that if a person had five or more stigmas then they will likely be atavistic and were born a criminal” . A stigmata consisted of facial or bodily features that deviated from the norm, such as abnormally small or large ears.
William Sheldon emerged biological and psychological factors of crime to link criminal behaviour with physical characteristics. William Sheldon claimed that there was a high correlation between an individual body build and there temperament. He found that “Individuals mesomorphs or individuals who had muscular builds and tended to be more risk taking were more delinquent and criminal than others” .
This theory has however been questioned , most notably by Charles gong, where he compared criminals who were convicted of different offences with non-criminals comprised of oxford and Cambridge undergraduates, hospital patients and soldiers. He claimed that

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