Biological Dimensions Within The Multipath Model

1506 Words Dec 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Conduct disorder has a markedly significant biological dimension within the multipath model. A 2016 study on brain abnormalities CD and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) children found deficiencies within the amygdala, striatum, insula, and frontal gyrus of their study group. These findings theorize that issues within the areas of the brain that process emotions can be a contributing factor to CD and ODD, with ODD once considered the precursor or ‘starting point’ to CD behaviors. (Noordermeer, Luman, & Oosterlaan, 2016)
A second study within female CD children found that the prevalence of behavioral criteria within males is distinctly higher than females, especially when the behaviors are in the moderate to severe categories. Where “male adolescents being more likely than female adolescents to commit violent crimes[…]In female adolescents, CD is associated with a range of negative outcomes, including teenage pregnancy, antisocial personality disorder. (Fairchild et al., 2012, p.1) These brain abnormalities within the females were also found within the areas of the brain’s emotional processing, reward, and empathy centers. (Fairchild et al., 2012)
Psychological Dimension
One of the more challenging aspects of the CD child’s psychological impairments is his or her inability to control anger emotions, or how to cope with anger appropriately. Combined with limited fear response, oppositional temperament, and frequent parent child conflict, the CD child does not gain…
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