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Biological Diversity

Decent Essays
Effects of Loss of Biological Diversity
As the loss of biological diversity or biodiversity continues to increase at unprecedented rates, it leaves a long-lasting effect on the environment of the planet Earth. Such effects are so threatening that they can claim human lives in the near future.
• Humans are clearing forests (deforestation) to occupy more land to urbanise more areas. Thus, as humans continue to exploit the habitat of animals and plants for their own selfish needs, they harm the entire environment of the earth. The deforestation has resulted in a variety of animals, which dwell in that area, to leave the habitat. This is quite alarming as it could result in the loss of those species diversity in the future.
• The precious natural resources of the green earth are excessively exploited by humans. This includes overharvesting animals to the extent that these species become extinct. It also includes overconsumption of natural resources such as timber and fossil fuel which take years to regenerate. This is a direct threat to biodiversity.
• Humans pollute the environment in every way they can. They pollute the air with harmful pollutants such as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles. These greenhouse gases are, in turn, destroying the ozone layer. The ozone layer reflects the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. As this layer is being affected now, humans are becoming more prone to
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