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Biological Model Of Addiction

Decent Essays
Biological Model:
“According to the biological theory, chemical dependency has a biological onset that stems primarily from a person’s physiological or genetic characteristics. People differ in the degree to which they like or dislike a particular addictive substance or activity. The ability to temper impulsive desires with rational thought is a brain function that varies among different people.”
Dr. Alan Leshner, PhD, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “While every type of drug of abuse has its own individual trigger for affecting or transforming the brain, many of the results of the transformation are strikingly similar regardless of the addictive drug used.”
Addiction affects neurotransmission and interactions within reward
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“According to social learning theory, our observations of other people engaging in addictive behavior can lead to development of addiction. When we observe the behavior and reactions of other people using addictive substances, we may wish to repeat what we saw.” “People learn attitudes and beliefs about the use of alcohol or drugs through their social groups and larger social systems, including the media.” “As addiction progresses, there are fewer opportunities for the addict to interact with healthy, non – addicts. Cognitive social learning theory adds additional perspective by imbedding craving within a network of cognitive processes that, as they inter – relate, influence drug use and…show more content…
In 1952, E.M. Jellinek’s research describes the four stages of alcoholism as, “The Pre – alcoholic phase in which the drinker can no longer drink socially but uses alcohol to relieve social tension. The Prodromal phase, the drinker begins to experience negative consequences. In the Crucial phase, individuals develop physical dependence when serious withdrawal symptoms occur when drinking stops. And the last one is, Chronic phase, in which an individual becomes lost in alcoholic lifestyle and experience different symptoms. The disease model holds that addiction is a biological, psychological, and spiritual disease that is incurable and the only way to arrest the disease process is to abstain from alcohol and other drugs.”

Biopsychosocial Model:
“The use of the Biopsychosocial model is an attempt to develop a better understanding of addiction using a multidimensional lens that describes the complex nature of proposed casual factors.” While using a multidimensional lens, it uses a three-dimensional approach as well. Systems and Ecological Systems Theory “This theory proposes that all organisms are systems, composed of sub systems, and belong to larger systems. Social systems are made up of ethnic and cultural groups, families, and
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