Biological Sex, Gender, And Sexuality

1192 Words Sep 25th, 2015 5 Pages
1) What are the important differences between biological sex, gender, and sexuality?
Biological sex is our anatomy; this relates to a humans anatomical and reproductive system. Determined by karyotype (chromosomes of a cell, 46 XY karyotype in typical males and 46 XX karyotype in typical females), internal genitalia (testes and ovaries), external genitalia (scrotum and penis in males; labia and clitoris in females), and secondary sex differentiation at puberty (Pasterski, 2008). Gender is the state of being female or male; it is the separation of a species, commonly used with reference to social, behavioral and cultural differences preferably than biological ones. The word gender was used by Jacobs, Thomas, and Lang (1997) to refer to "cultural rules, ideologies, and expected behaviors for individuals of diverse phenotypes and psychosocial characteristics."

Sexuality attributes to how and with whom an individual carries out on their affectionate, intimate, and erotic longings. People are likely to rely upon the gender identity of the person to whom their desires are directed towards when it comes to classifying sexuality. Often used to define sexual orientation are the terms heterosexual/straight to signify a person attracted to a member of their opposite gender, homosexual/gay/lesbian apply to an individual attracted to a member of the same sex, and bisexual to refer to a person attracted to a member of any gender.
2) What is the difference between being gender variant…
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