Biological Theories Of Criminal Behavior

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“Biological Theories of Criminal Behavior” Many biological theories of crime have been developed to explain the analysis of crime and criminality. Scientific studies of research have formed theories as to what makes a criminal a criminal and what social factors can contribute to criminality. As a result, criminology scientists Cesare Lombroso, William Sheldon, and Sandberg believe that the presence of certain physical traits made it more likely that an individual would become a criminal. The three scientist each share significant theories of criminal characteristics, criminal personality and criminal behavioral tendencies. Criminologist Cesare Lombroso studied scientifically the “born criminal” Atavism theory, which he believed modern criminals share physical characteristics with primitive humans, Sheldon studied the somatotype theory, the three body types relating to an individual personality and Franz Gall discovered and studied the phrenology theory, “bumps on the head” could indicate certain criminal tendencies. Each theorist philosophy of criminality conveys a scientific hypothesis as to what biosocial elements of crime establishes an individual as a criminal. In 1987, while conducting an autopsy of the brigand Villella, Lombroso experienced an unusual, but interesting epiphany while examining the skull of criminal Villella Giuseppe. Cesare Lombroso discovered an indention at the base of the skull that he perceived to be commonly shared only amongst apes.
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