Biological Warfare And The American Civil War

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Tucker Beaudoin HTY 278 Online Essay January 18, 2015 Biological Warfare A biological weapon is defined as “any of a number of disease-producing agents, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and toxins, that may be utilized as weapons against humans, animals or plants.” (Britannica Online Encyclopedia). As far back as the American Civil War, allegations have been made regarding the use of biological weapons. During the Civil War, both sides accused the other of using the smallpox virus to cause disease among enemy forces. (Hooker, MD, 2014). China, the Soviet Union and North Korea accused the U.S. of using biological warfare against them during the Korean War. They accused the U.S. of biological attacks that caused strange outbreaks of disease in North Korea and China. The International Red Cross and the World the Chinese government denounced this as Western bias and had the allegations investigated by the World Peace Council. The WPC gathered testimony from eyewitnesses, doctors and four American Korean War prisoners who confirmed use of biological weapons by the U.S. The U.S. government denied the accusations. Top scientists from the West supported the U.S. government’s denial, however, in China and North Korea the accusations were widely believed to be true. In 1998, Stephen Endicott and Edward Hagermann claimed that the accusations were true in their book The U.S. and Biological Warfare: Secrets from the Early Cold War and Korea. Many

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