Essay on Biological and Psychological Changes in the Teenage Brain

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There are many mitigating factors both psychologically and biologically that play a concurrent role in an adolescents’ life. Despite all the new scientific research, "Inside the Teenage Brain" suggests that there is a consensus among experts that the most beneficial thing for teenagers is good relationships with their parents (Dr Jay Giedd, Frontline). The inside the teenage brain article focused on the biological changes a young teenager goes through. Developmental psychologist and health professionals have categorized adolescent into three stages: early, middle, and late (Greenberg, Bruess, & Conklin, 2007, p. 494). In early adolescents from 9 to 15 years, children’s growth and physical development accelerates and children must adjust…show more content…
The brain is most vulnerable and may be affected for life as a result of drug use. During the second stage of development age 13 through 17, adolescents are sexually developed and some describe the feeling of being omniscient, omnipotent, and invincible (Greenberg, Bruess, & Conklin, 2007, p. 495). This high risk behavior is contributed to the increase in activity to the frontal cortex which is the most critical in development at this stage in life. The frontal cortex assist with organizing and warning of danger or potential risk and consequences with certain actions and is not developed in the adolescents brains at this stage(Frontline, 2002). It is during this stage that teens are at risk for injury to their body and mind due to unforeseen consequences. During the late stage of adolescents teenagers are more aware of dangers and limitations and how their past can affect their future (Greenberg, Bruess, & Conklin, 2007, p. 496). It is this time that teenagers tend to bond more with their family and rely on peers less. Along with the biological changes teenagers must endure as a result of puberty and the rapid growth of the frontal cortex many teenagers go through mood swings. This is due to the hormonal changes that are accruing inside the brain which the frontal cortex is responsible for regulating (Frontline, 2002). Besides the three stages teenagers must conquer six key tasks to include the
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