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Biology : Cellular Respiration And Fermentation

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Name: HyunSeon Do (Jane)
ID#: 967201
General Biology 111L: Tuesday 12-2:30 pm
Date: 10/26/15

Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Introduction:
Cellular respiration are sets of metabolic reactions and processes that are taking place inside the cells that converts bio-chemical energies from food/nutrients into adenosine triphosphate ATP and after that release waste products. Energies are the forms of equally shared electron as reactant, and the products which form equally shared covalent bond, and during this process the potential energy was lost. So the respiration is the main way for a cell to gain useful energy to fuel its cellular activities. Most of the reactions occur in series of biological steps, a lot of these are redox reaction of themselves. We can define fermentation as a metabolic process that changes glucose into acids, gases and alcohol. There are two types of fermentation 's. These are alcohol fermentation and lactic acid fermentation. These fermentations occur in yeast and bacteria, as well as in the muscle cells, after excessive use of muscle cells, cells are starved for oxygen, this is where lactic acid buildup in the muscle cells. The process of fermentation normally happens without oxygen, and it does not go through the electron transport chain, this is the difference between fermentation and cellular respiration.
During cellular respiration there are three main steps involved. First glycolysis, second the Citrix acid cycle, the third the electron
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