Most modern Western societies rely on technology and evidence based medical treatments to diagnose and treat illness or disease. This biomedical approach is founded predominately by the belief that medical intervention, will return the health of a patient to a pre-illness state (Khatcheressian & Brown, 2009). However, an ample body of evidence is accumulating to suggest that consideration must also be given to the impact of psychological and social influences on health. Indeed, as Adler and Page (2008) outline, some of these influences can impede an individual’s ability to manage and respond to illness. Failure to identify and address the problems, could cause additional suffering, ultimately compromising the effectiveness of care and the
Among the most common of mental health conditions is post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression. Furthermore, PTSD can lead to severe physiological and psychological changes that are significantly increased when this trauma isn’t caught in its early stages. These traumas have a great impact on the patient’s personalities and perceptions. Therefore, there are different types of treatments that can be implemented accordingly to the patient to improve their psychological condition, and avoid unfavorable results on their mental health.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a mixture of both Cognitive Therapy (CT), which deals with a person’s thoughts and Behavioral Therapy (BT), which concentrates on an individual’s overt or outside personality. According to Barbara P. Early and Melissa D. Grady, CT specializes in the mental process that can affect an individual’s feelings and behavior, while BT is focusing on the external environment that can cause the behaviors, such as a stimulus (Early & Grady, 2016). The use of the two therapies together allows the
“Psychotherapy is a process that focuses on helping you heal and learn more adaptive ways to deal with the problems or issues within your life. It can also be a supportive process when going through a difficult period or under increase stress such as starting a new career or going through a divorce. Generally psychotherapy is recommended when a person is struggling with a life, work or relationship issue or a mental health concern – and the issues or concerns are causing the individual a great deal of pain or upset for longer than a few days or
The bio psychosocial approach shows that there is an interdependent link between biology, psychology and social effect. Therefore, the first stage of treatment when treating someone suffering from mental illness starts with using drugs such as, antidepressant that increase the serotonin level in the brain to change the brain’s activity. Counselling or psychotherapy to changes how the person thinks and understands which alter or improve the person behaviour. Some medications may work on certain parts of the brain that deals with emotional condition, may also affect other parts so causing a side effect as seen
Another popular type treatment modality is that from ERA I, the biomedical model of care. This model is known to be one of the oldest and most popular types; Biomedicine achieved its success by combating infectious disease promoting healthy child birth and child care and developing new surgical techniques. It works in treating the problem. Diseases are explained as abnormalities of genes caused by some sort of dysfunction. Once diagnosed treatment follows either by repairing, removing, attacking or modifying the problem. The biomedical model of illness and healing focuses purely on biological factors and excludes psychological environmental and social on goings in a patient’s life. In this model each illness had one underlying cause and once that is removed the patient will be healthy again. (Williams, 2014)
Therapy can help many aspects of a persons life. There are different injuries or birth defects that need to be treated to perform everyday activities. A variety of different therapy methods and treatments, depending on the personal weakness, can help improve someone’s everyday life.
Psychodynamic therapies are looks for themes past and present relationships that may be affecting the current conflicts for the patient. Humanistic therapists analyses the present and future around conscious thoughts while applying active listening, so the patient is hearing what they are sharing. These are being treated to find the root of the issue or the cause of the undesired issues.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health in 2015 there were an estimation of 9.8 million adults by the age of 18 with a serious mental illness (National Institue of Mental Health , N.D). Mental illness throughout the world is constantly arising. Throughout this paper I will discuss Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and the efficacious results. I will also discuss different healthcare professionals that used this therapy and had encouraging results.
One type of therapy used is psychotherapy, which "should focus on helping the individual understand the nature and consequences of his disorder so he can be helped to control his behavior" (Black, 2000). Another type of therapy used is cognitive therapy, which involves the patient's efforts as much as it does the therapist's efforts. According to Dr. Donald Black, "The cognitive therapy's major goal is to help the patient understand how he creates his own problems and how his distorted perceptions prevent him from seeing himself the way others view him" (2000).
Cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) refers to a class of psychological and behavioral interventions based on the premise that cognitive and behavioral factors play an important role in maintaining psychological disorders and distress. Taking into account the knowledge on the development and maintenance of psychological disorders and the wide range of treatment strategies available for treating disorders, CBT procedures specific to disorders have been developed to address the various underlying cognitive and behavior factors unique to the disorder (Hofmann, Asnaani, Vonk, Sawyer & Fang, 2012 and Leichsenring, Hiller, Weissberg & Leibing, 2006). Though the various disorder specific CBT procedures have variations, they share similar approach to treatment by focusing on symptom reduction and improving functionality through changing
Therapy is there to help cut down a negative lifestyle that is caused by depression. Results with treating depression can vary on the patient.
Psychotherapy therapy focuses on the personal and interpersonal issues underlying depression. It explores an individual's life to bring to light possible contributing causes of the present depression. During treatment, the therapist helps the patient to become aware of his or her thinking patterns and how they came to be. There are several different subtypes of psychotherapy, but all have the common goal of helping the individual develop healthy problem solving and coping skills. Two of the most widely used treatment methods are cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy (Hammen 141).
Terms discussed in paper: CBT: Cognitive-behavioural therapy; HEP: Health enhancement program; TAU: Treatment as usual; TRD: Treatment-resistant depression; Mediators: Measurable changes during a treatment; MBCT: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy;
During the following three decades, numerous innovative treatment and intervention methods and standpoints were presented as opposed to the customary psychodynamic approachs. Of the many approaches to clinical psychology, four are major and consist of the behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family classifications. By employing these four major approaches the effectiveness of treatment is heightened (Plante, 2011).