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Tabaco National Haigh School Tabaco City UTILIZATION OF PULVERIZED COCOS NUCIFERA FIBER, DRIED EICHHORNIA AND ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS MUCILAGE AS COMPONENTS OF BIOPLASTIC PRODUCT Submitted by: Maria Yvita Queenne Ignacio Aubrey Dacir Katriela Marie de Villa Jolina Mae Rapirap Jhoan Villanueva IV- Newton Introduction The harmful effects of synthetic plastics in the environment have been increasing, resulting to the demand that people explore other means wherein the products can be produced out of different raw materials which are Eco- friendly. The toxic plastic load on the earth is growing and at this rate will cause a whole range of problems for future generations. Making eco-friendly plastics using raw materials such as…show more content…
Starch- or amylum is a carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds. This polysaccharide is produced by all green plants as an energy store. It is the most common carbohydrate in the human diet and is contained in large amounts in such staple foods as potatoes, wheat, maize (corn), rice, and cassava. Starch is made of two basic components: amylose and amylopectin. Amylose- is a very long and straight polymer like we want to have in our study. Amylopectin- on the other hand is a branched and short polymer meaning it will yield brittle and weak plastic which is not good. Vinegar- a liquid substance consisting mainly of acetic acid (CH3CO2H) and water, the acetic acid being produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. By adding a small amount of vinegar to the plastic, we can break up some of the branches of the amylopectin which otherwise would make it brittle. Water hyacinth- is a free-floating perennial aquatic plant native to tropical and sub-tropical South America. It degrades water quality by blocking photosynthesis, which greatly reduces oxygen levels in the water. This creates a cascading effect by reducing other underwater life such as fish and other plants. Mesocarp - The middle layer of the pericarp of a fruit, between the endocarp and the exocarp.
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