Bioprinting Human Organs: The Past, Present, And Future.

1488 WordsApr 21, 20176 Pages
Bioprinting Human Organs: The Past, Present, and Future Written by: Emmitt Mikkelson, Alexander Turnbull and John Wesley Table of Contents: I. Introduction II. History of Organ Transplants III. Development of Bioprinting IV. Current Bioprinting Processes V. Bioprinting Human Organs for Transplantation VI. Insurance Coverage for Organ Transplants VII. Ethical Considerations and Alternative Ideas VIII. The Future of Bioprinting IX. Conclusion I. Introduction In this white paper, we will look at the topic of bioprinting, explaining what it is, how it is done, and some of the challenges that this technology face moving forward. If a picture is…show more content…
Organ transplant provides a way to successfully remove the disease by replacing it with completely healthy tissue. Even with a transplant a patient can still have an adverse immune response to the new organ. This is where the process of bioprinting shows significant promise in improving the success rate and efficiency of this procedure within the entire healthcare community. While the bioprinting of organs has a common use, the development of the organ varies significantly between numerous techniques. Allografts are tissue donations from a donor, autografts are tissues from the patient 's body being moved to where they are needed, and xenografts are tissues from an animal. Whilst autografts are more common, they have limited use in terms of organ transplantation. When a patient needs a new lung or a kidney, it is because the lungs or kidneys they have are not working properly and in these cases autografts are not viable. The main types of allografts are transplanted organs. It is in this category that bioprinting offers major advances to what modern medical science has been working with. Just as with any new medical procedure bioprinting does raise some ethical concerns as well. The cost of the procedure may create a disparity between those who can afford and those who cannot. While current Medicare insurance covers most of the operation, rising healthcare prices are severely limiting the rate at which transplants occur. This paper will explore these

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