Biopsychosocial and Biomedical Model of Health

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Human beliefs about the causes of illness and injury vary from one era to another. In the Neolithic times (c.a 8000- 9000 b.c ), illness and injury being common phenomena’s, were directly associated to natural events manipulated by higher powers which also controlled climate changes and other natural events. Overtime, healing ceremonies, songs, sacred objects, and incantations were developed as means of pacifying the evil forces which were believed to cause diseases, and illnesses. Then, during the period of intellectual development, ways of western medicine was first implemented by Hippocrates, who was regarded to as the most celebrated Greek practitioner and till date is known as the father of medicine. Hippocrates helped overcome the…show more content…
This supported Sigmund Freud’s proposal of the idea of illness, which stated that, physical illness such as blindness occurred due to stress, harmful social relationships and emotional problems. However, before Modern Greek theorists studied about the mind and other bodily mechanisms, it was for long believed that animating spirits governed human behavior, their actions and functions. This belief was known as animism; overtime theories and laws regarding physical elements evolved, these laws mainly spoke about inanimate objects while the belief that spirits determined human behavior and actions remained only due to lack of evolution of better explanations that could take over the theory of animism. Then came Hippocrates and Galen who reformulated the idea and perception of illness and diseases which were previously attributed to behavior as a result of evil spirit or demon possession.; by proposing that an imbalance of humors ( yellow bile, black bile, phlegm and blood) and that personality was determined on the basis of the levels of these 4 humors, where , if phlegm was the dominant humor the individual tends to be apathic, dominance of blood leads the person to be more cheerful, while yellow bile
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