Bioterrorism Research Paper

2376 Words Nov 22nd, 2011 10 Pages
1
BIO 260
Dr. Paul Reese

Bioterrorism

Bioterrorism is terrorism involving the intentional release or dissemination of biological agents. These agents are bacteria, viruses, or toxins, and may be in a naturally- occurring or a human-modified form. A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other harmful agents used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be mutated or altered to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment. Biological agents can
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Already existing systems of good agricultural practice, good manufacturing practice and 'hazard analysis and critical control point' (HACCP) can be used. Government agencies, working with the private sector, have regulatory and advisory responsibility in promoting safe food measures by industry, including good agricultural and good manufacturing practices. Surveillance, preparedness, and response elements specific to food safety, should be included in existing national emergency response plans to achieve balance between threats to food safety and other threats. A new threat for the food chain is the introduction of a chemical, biological, or radio nuclear agent into food during production, processing, distribution or preparation of food. The responsibility to avoid this lies in the hands of the food industry. Many foods, such as fish, meat, poultry, fruit and vegetables, are consumed with minimal processing. Other, such as cereal products and cooking oils, undergo considerable 4 processing before reaching the consumer. Vulnerable to sabotage are the points where food changes hands. The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to take steps to protect the public from a threatened or actual terrorist attack on the

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