Essay on Bipolar Affective Disorder

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Bipolar Affective Disorder

June 4, 2010
Bipolar Affective Disorder
The number of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder continues to rise every year. Bipolar affective disorder affects 2.6 percent of adults, starting at the age of eighteen. Bipolar affective disorder often develops in late teens or in the early adult years. It is likely that all nurses will be involved in taking care of patients with bipolar affective disorder. I would like to research more about effective treatments, to provide an opportunity for the patients I care for, achieve the most positive outcome. Bipolar affective disorder is a long-term illness that must be monitored closely. There is evidence showing bipolar disorder has a strong hereditary
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During the acute mania stage the clients are more impulsive, they have an abundance of energy and the need for sleep is diminished. During the delirious mania stage the patient may have symptoms of confusion, agitation, and exhibit purposeful movements. Intervention is needed to prevent exhaustion and injury to self or others.
Patients need to have a calm and structured environment to prevent mania from escalating. Use a soft voice, dim the lights and turn radios and televisions off. Monitor for any sleep disturbances, as this may indicate the illness is getting worse. Monitor intake and output closely, the patient needs proper nutrition and adequate fluid intake. Teach your patient coping strategies. It is also important to involve the family members in the care if it is okay with the patient, as it may be hard for the patient to remember everything you have taught them. It is also important to give written materials and referrals to organizations that help with the mental illness.
The second phase of bipolar disorder is the depressive phase; this phase is the most hazardous and unhealthful. This is the first episode often seen in females. The patient feels worthless, has a long period of feeling worried or empty, loss of interest, low self-esteem, insomnia, or always feels tired. Daily simple tasks feel overwhelming and take along time to accomplish. The depressive phase usually lasts longer

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