Bipolar Disorder And Cognitive Functioning And Behavior

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Bipolar Disorder and Impairments in Cognitive Functioning and Behavior Bipolar disorder is behavior disorder that results in shifts of mood, lack of energy, low activity levels, and difficulty performing day-to-day tasks. There are two types of Bipolar disorder. Bipolar 1 Disorder, is when the primary symptom is manic, or cycling episodes of mania and depression. Bipolar 2 Disorder is reoccurring depression alongside hypomanic episodes. Manic episodes are periods of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood that may occur for at least a week. In contrast, depressive episodes are intensely unhappy or hopeless states. Emotional and drastic changes from the individual’s standard behavior that may occur randomly are called mood episodes. These mood episodes are the reason that bipolar disorder is sometimes referred to as manic-depressive illness. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, symptoms during manic episodes include talking quickly, racing thoughts, little sleep, inflated self esteem, and low attention spans. During depressive episodes, individuals have diminished ability in remembering, indecisiveness, lack of energy to engage in activities, reduced interest in activities, guilt, feeling valueless, and suicidal thoughts or sometimes in extreme cases, attempts at suicide. Besides these common symptoms, researchers have found that bipolar disorder may also cause memory dysfunctions, attention deficits, and learning problems. The impairments in cognitive
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