Bipolar Disorder And Mental Disorders

1249 Words Apr 6th, 2016 5 Pages
Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic/depressive disorder once was a disorder that carried a severe societal stigmatism. It now has carries less stigmatism but is a disorder which has become difficult to diagnosis and extremely prevalent in today’s society. Due to the manic characteristic of the disorder it differentiates itself from the typical form of depression. Even though both depression and bipolar disorder can be due to an imbalance in brain chemistry and biology, genetics, or effected by traumatic stressors that happen in daily life, bipolar disorder has definitive treatment which applies solely to this specific disorder. Bipolar Disorder, as noted in the 2010 Global Burden of Disease Study, is ranked Internationally as the 18th most disabling health condition. This episodic disorder is characterized by severe shifts in an individual’s mood, from mania (elation) to depression, then returning to a sense of normal functioning between these extremes. Bipolar Disorder has been designated by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM) with four specific subtypes: Bipolar Disorder I, Bipolar Disorder II, Bipolar Disorder not otherwise specified and Cyclothymic disorder. Those affected by this disorder spend more time in the depression end of the spectrum than mania which tends to lead to difficulty in diagnosing.
The extreme emotional moods (poles) of patients help to determine the specific diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder. BD-I exhibits symptoms of…
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