Bipolar Disorder - Effect on One's Life

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Bipolar Disorder: Effects on One’s Life Seminar II: Developing Learning Tools Ottawa University Ms. Nancy Hindle Tonya Nelson April 11, 2012 Abstract This literature review explores bipolar disorder (BD) and how it can affect one’s life. Patients experience extreme highs (mania/hypomania) and lows (depression) with this disorder. These episodes vary by type. There are various types of BD as well as multiple forms of treatments. There are also links between alcohol abuse or dependence (AUD) and social phobia (SP) with bipolar disorder. After treatment one may lead a full and productive life; however if untreated this disorder can affect mood, behavior and judgment, leading to poor performance at work, school and in…show more content…
Cyclothymic disorder (Cyclothmia) is a very mild form which includes periods of hypomania and depression. Treatments There are a variety of treatment options for BD. Today there are many accepted forms of treatment ranging from medication to non-medication. Lithium (lithium carbonate) was the only accepted form of treatment for many years (Harvard Health Publications, 2006, p.1). It is the oldest form of a mood stabilizer and is highly effective in preventing suicide and helping symptoms of mania. It is the first Food and Drug Administration’s approved mood stabilization medication (NIMH, 2008). The downside to lithium is it can take quite some time to work, up to several weeks, and it is also difficult to regulate dosing. There are a range of side effects such as restlessness, dry mouth, bloating, discomfort in the cold, brittle nails and occasionally birth defects. Even though it is not the favored treatment in the United States, it is still used internationally and remains a standard treatment (Baldessarini et al., 2010). Furthermore it has been the most successful in patients with rapid cycling BD. According to Baldessarini et al. (2010), antidepressants continue to be the leading drugs given to BD patients in the United States, even though they may be poorly tolerated by type I patients. Antidepressants have low side effects in most patients and have
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