Bipolar Disorder Essay

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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a type of manic depression classified by those affected having extreme polar opposite emotions. Those who suffer from bipolar disorder, go from extreme highs (mania) to very lows, (depression). Because this illness deals with such drastic changes in behavior, it is essential that those who suffer take medical action in treatment of their disorder, unlike other depressions that may be treated with therapy only.
Medical treatment with the use of drugs is so important when treating those who suffer from bipolar disorder, because its causes can be predicted to begin at the neuron level. One of these treatments, as discussed throughout this paper, is Lithium in its common for,
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Although lithium as been used for thirty or more years, research on lithium as a treatment for bipolar patients brings more questions than answers. One approach researchers have taken to better understand this unclear process is to examine the causes in general of bipolar disorder. Theories range from focusing on genetic factors, to environmental factors, to the way biochemistry imbalances shape a person's mood.

Bipolar disorder is a manic-depressive illness, and is the most recognizable and dramatic of the depressive disorders.
People with bipolar disorder are different from those who suffer from other depressive disorders, because of the swing from the extreme lows, the depressive state, to the extreme highs, the manic state. The theories that provide the most insight into the causes of bipolar disorder from a biological perspective are the theories the focus on the biochemistry of the disorder because the research involved in these theories suggest that neurotransmitters, chemicals that allow information to be passed from cell to cell, become imbalanced at various phases of the disorder. (American Psychiatric Association, 1992.) Some of this research suggests that lithium impacts the re-uptake of the messages held in the various chemicals that transmit information from cell to cell. (MedicineNet, 2005).

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