Bipolar I Disorder ( Bd )

976 WordsNov 4, 20164 Pages
This paper focuses on bipolar I disorder, previously known as manic-depressive illness. It includes the definition and characteristics, neurobiology and pathophysiology, psychological and environmental factors about the disorder. There is also a brief description about nursing interventions. Next, two evidence-based research papers will be presented. Additionally, there will be a summary on two audiovisual films that focused on bipolar I disorder. Lastly, there is a brief discussion about personal thoughts and feelings about bipolar I disorder. Introduction When people are asked what bipolar I disorder (BD) is, they often describe someone as being psychotic, having drastic mood changes, being depressed then super happy, and the list is endless. Often, individuals who suffer with BD are stigmatized and discriminated. The following piece is part of a poem called “You and Me” written by Debbie Sesula, “...If you get angry/ You’re considered upset/ If I get angry/ I’m considered dangerous. / If you over-react to something/ You’re sensitive/ If I over-react to something/ I’m out of control…” BD is not well understood by society and it is unfortunate that individuals who have this disorder often isolate themselves and feel ashamed. Definition and Characteristics “The essential feature of a manic episode is a distinct period during which there is an abnormally, persistently elevated, expansive irritable mood and persistently increased activity or
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