Over the counter birth control pills have been a topic of discussion for many women. Some might say it would pose many risks such as not receiving medical checkups and not knowing the side effects of birth control pills. Others may see it as a helpful to women because of the convenience of accessing the pills and not having to take time to schedule appointments. Additionally, due to health care and insurance policies some women might not have an easy access to birth control pills but the cost should not be a factor. Although over the counter birth control would allow an easier access for women, there are reasons why a doctor’s visit and a prescription are required to receive birth control pills.
To begin, Crystal Eastman first published her article in 1918. She produced the source for a large target audience. The article was originally published in a radical journal called Birth Control review. The source’s purpose was to inform women that, whether the law stated so or not, they had a choice as to whether or not to conceive a child. The purpose of the source is to demand that women take control of their bodies. “I would almost say, that the whole structure of the feminist’s dream of society rests upon the rapid extension of scientific knowledge about birth control.” (Eastman, Pg.510).
Healthcare professionals are faced with a multitude of ethical and legal conundrums. Since the introduction of birth control in American history, healthcare professionals have been put in situations to either follow their own moral and ethical beliefs, or choose to follow the law and give healthcare services to those who seek it. A large constituent to the disapproval of contraceptives other than natural family planning, is health professional’s religious beliefs. In addition, Adolescent females who need contraceptives are less likely to seek access to health care providers for these contraceptives in fear of personal information due to their age being released. Through the research provided, cases of pharmacist denial of prescribed or over the counter contraceptives to women have been the majority of conflict in this nation and in others.
Condoms are categories into two type one is male type condom and one is female type condom. Male type condom can by many material such as latex, plastic and animal membrane. As the function is just to act as a wrapper to stop the semen enter to the vagina. The advantages are easy to use and getting protection against sexually infection. The disadvantage is it may tear or break without improper use. For female condom, it is an internal use condom as the condom needed to put inside the vagina with a device to hold the place. The advantage is protected form HIV infection and disadvantage is it very hard to put the condom correctly. For barrier birth control method also have spermicide, diaphragm, and sterilization. Spermicide is a gel type barrier for birth control, as it available in several forms for personal convenience and disadvantage is it may be difficult to use because it have to apply immediately before intercourse. Then, diaphragm is a domed-shape rubber cup that for female user only and there is having the spermicidal jelly inside the dome. The jelly is to kill the sperm cells. The advantage is it can be keep for two or three months if clean and stored properly and disadvantage is required to go to clinic or physician for the fitting. Sterilization is the way that can be done by male or female as it only needed to cut the tube lead to the scrotum and join to urethra (vasectomy), as
Before the introduction of modern birth control, gender roles emphasized the responsibility of women to conceive and raise children. Although this began to change in the in the mid-twentieth century, with the introduction of the first hormonal birth control pill, Enovid, taking place in 1960, it was not readily accessible during that time period (Buttar and Seward, 2009, p. 1-3). This did not change during the time period immediately following the introduction either; five years after the introduction of Enovid, there was still controversy surrounding the use of contraceptives. In the Supreme Court case of Griswold v. Connecticut, the legality of birth control on the market was debated, and the case concluded with the allowance of hormonal contraceptives, but it was limited to married couples only under the right of marital privacy (George and Lewis, 2016, p. 1). The controversy and secrecy that surrounded the use of birth control shortly after its introduction indicates that although it was certainly present and used in society during this time period, it still carried the negative social connotations of the past, which prevented it from being socially normalized. In contrast, the standardization of birth control in society took place decades later, from approximately the 1990 to 2010s.
Who in here has heard of or even know what the term birth control is? According to medicinenet.com, birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent pregnancy from occuring in sexually active women. Today, I will be talking about a couple of methods of birth control which include: the pill, the patch, and the implant. Another method I will be talking to you about isn’t always considered a form of birth control, but it actually is; condoms. My goal today is to not only inform you of the many birth controls but to also encourage you to look at the pros and the cons of every method if you are using contraception. Birth control is a very broad topic with many alternatives which can impact your lifestyle in many ways, therefore you should consider these alternatives before applying any form of contraceptive into your body and find the method that works best for you.
Society today often takes the simple rights they have for granted. They don’t realize that everything they have now is because of so many activists in the past fought for those rights; forgetful rights that without their sacrifices people wouldn’t have the freedom we have today. The birth control pill was one of these rights that so many advocates fought for and died before they could see the battle that they struggled and gave up everything for, come to an end.
the author beings the article by saying that making an oral contraceptive available over the counter can cause the number of clinical visits to decrees. He then goes on explaining that in The 2012 July/August edition of The Atlantic magazine over the counter birth control was named one of the “Biggest ideas of the Year.” He explains that although the use of over the counter birth control is nothing new, there has been a renewal in the gesture for the contraceptive choice. He mentions that The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist, which is the largest association of OB/GYNs in the country, reported their support of over the counter oral contraceptives back in a 2012 Committee Opinion. He states that The American Medical Association
These methods include barrier, hormonal, implanted devices and permanent. The barrier method blocks semen from reaching the egg, for example female and male condoms. With a success rate of about 79-82%, the barrier method provides the most protection against sexually transmitted infections. Both male and females can be purchased at your local drugstore for less than a dollar. Another form is hormonal, this prevents pregnancies by interfering with ovulation and fertilization. Types of hormonal methods are: the pill, patch and shot. Hormonal methods can be received thorough the blood stream, or like emergency contraception like the morning after pill is taken orally. Although, hormonal the emergency contraception should not be used as a regular form of birth control. Hormonal methods have a success rate of about 94-99%. Long-term method of hormonal birth control can protects one against pregnancy from 24 hours to 3 years, and for females cause light or no menstrual cycles. The final method I am going to discuss is implanted devices and permanent. Implanted devices are inserted into the body, and can be
The U.S Supreme Court had to deal with an issue regarding birth control and religion. For instance, private owned companies, such as Hobby Lobby, can now refuse to cover certain kinds of birth control to their employees in their insurance plans. This requirement was put into place because of the 2010 Affordable Care Act. The supporters of the ruling believe it is an act of religious freedom. A couple of years later a pharmacy, Ralph’s Thriftway, was denied a hearing before the Supreme Court. The owners of Ralph’s Thriftway refused to stock emergency contraception, such as Plan B because of religious reasons. Plan B I suppose to be effective within a couple of days, to abort. But the state law of Washington requires pharmacies to stock an assortment
Overtime, scientist created a more efficient “Stem Pessary”, by mixing synthetic estrogen and progestin to block sperm cells from reaching the ovaries. They decreased the size and made it an oral pill, making it easier to consume. The Birth Control pill wasn’t legal in the United States until 1960. “As sexual relations outside of marriage and for reasons other than childbearing became more socially acceptable and women seeking careers sought family planning methods, the environment was ripe for introduction of this discreet, easy-to-use form of contraception,” (NPR). Women started taking birth control pills daily because they were 99% effective and ultimately a cheaper option than condoms.
Birth Control was invented in the 1940s by Gregory Goodwin Pincus. In the 1960s, the pill version was created. The Birth Control pill is defined as “A Contraceptive Pill”. It is proven to be 99.9% effective when taken everyday on a regular schedule. It was nicknamed the “magic pill”. Before the pill, the condom was the most widely used contraceptive . But then the birth control pill came to be more effective and became something everyone started to use more. Sex education seems to be needed to know how to use new things and how to use safety correctly. It actually turns out that sex education is only required in 22 out the 50 states!! Who are you going to ask on how to use a condom? There are so many ways you can mess up using one. ( Breaking,
Within the pro-choice world there are many issues that are discussed like abortion, the instant where life begins and the use of contraceptives. This article will focus on not only the issue of using of contraceptives, but specifically the distribution of oral contraceptives (“the pill”) to teenage girls without their parent’s consent.
Birth control which is also formally known as contraception or fertility control are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. Birth control methods have been used for many years dating back all the way to ancient times. In fact Egypt has some of the earliest documented birth controls. For example the women there would use honey, acacia leafs and also lent to stuff up their vaginas to block the male sperm from entering. This has mainly to do with the religious view of the women. The Roman Catholic Church only agrees with natural family planning however there are a number of Catholics whom accept and agree with modern birth control methods. Also according to allaboutbirthcontrol.com Muhammad, who the Muslims believe to be the last and
Birth Control is defined as various ways used to prevent pregnancy from occurring. Birth Control has been a concern for humans for thousands of years. The first contraception devices were mechanical barriers in the vagina that prevented the male sperm from fertilizing the female egg. Other methods of birth control that were used in the vagina were sea sponges, mixtures of crocodile dung and honey, quinine, rock salt and alum. Birth Control was of interest for a long time, but women did not worry to much about it because child death rates were so high. They felt they needed to have many children just for a few to survive. In the early 1800's death rates began to drop and people began to show concern for controlling