Birth Order Children

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Birth Order: The Effects Associated with Parenting
Birth order is defined as the order children are born within a family. The order is separated into different categories including first-born, middle child, youngest child, and/or only child. The pattern sticks to a tri-level repetitive cycle. If there are more than three children within a family, then the pattern starts over from first-born, middle child, and then again to the youngest. The research all started with Alfred Adler. He began his research by looking at the order children were born in, and how it affected their personalities and development. Today, research has looked at many more factors than just personality and child development. Other characteristics that may be affected by
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The question at hand is whether or not there is a difference in parental sensitivity depending the sex of the parent and/or child. Fathers have known to show less sensitivity than mothers. Fathers also tend to be viewed as the breadwinners in the family, which may be a changing process. A longitudinal study was done by Hallers-Haalboom to look at the parenting of mothers and fathers toward their sons and daughters of households with two children. Fathers show more differential treatment towards their children than mothers do. Birth order can be affected by age, and gender specifics as well. When parenting is taken into account, there could be various of changes from a firstborn male to the last born female who happens to be five years younger than her brother. The idea that men have to hold a more masculine stamina shows through with parental treatment towards their children. Parents have a higher outcome of treating a daughter with more sensitivity than towards their sons (Hallers-Haalboom, 2014). The study found that mothers were indeed more sensitive and nonintrusive with their children than fathers were, which flows with how society also looks at parental roles and personalities among mothers and fathers. This study also shows that there is differential treatment among birth order with parenting styles and
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