Bitcoin: A Digital Currency Created by Satoshi Nakamoto Essay

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Bitcoin (BTC), a cryptocurrency, is a type of digital currency which was introduced in 2009 by pseudonymous developer "Satoshi Nakamoto". Since then 12 million bitcoins have come into existence with a current market cap of around 8 billion USD [1]. The algorithm is designed as to allow only 21 million BTC to come into existence ever. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority or banks; managing transactions and the issuing of bitcoins is carried out collectively by the network [2]. Bitcoin is not the first attempt. But none have managed before to take off so dramatically and with such wide adoption to achieve escape velocity. The questions which are important now are how the bitcoin managed this success in…show more content…
But the timing was crucial and of course bitcoin does have certain attractive properties also.

Bitcoin has no value of its own contrary to what many argue. Its value is derived by the number of people adopting it and pouring their money into the BTC ecosystem. Investments by deep-pocketed investors like Winklevoss twins (estimated BTC stake around 11 million USD back in April), Chamath Palihapitiya, ex-Facebook executive and early employee, who has already dropped $5 million into BTCs and has plans to invest another $10 million are the reasons for skyrocketing price of bitcoins [3] [4]. Add to this, the publicity and trust in the system they are generating. Bitcoin's future potential was a hot topic this October at emTech, an MIT conference on emerging technologies [5]. Considering BTCs more as a start-up rather than a currency, its growth curve makes more sense but unlike a start-up it’s not generating any value itself but gaining people’s trust. And that’s what gives it value.

One of the major controversies around BTC is its legality. While it has not been made illegal up till now, there have been certain instances like shutting down of Silk Road by FBI which do not give positive indications [6]. It should be noted here that the BTC system was not here the main target but the drug dealing which was happening through it. Regulations are not easy to put around because of the core decentralized anonymous nature of bitcoin technology.

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