Essay about Black Bourgeoisie Critical Review

1655 Words Dec 19th, 2010 7 Pages
Chapter 1: The Roots of the Black Bourgeoisie
1. According to the perspective of E. Franklin Frazier, the “Black Bourgeoisie played an important role among American Negros for decades. Frazier’s study led him to the significant of “Negro Business” and its impact on the black middle class. Education was a major social factor responsible for emergence of the Black bourgeoisie.
2. By fact, the net total number of the free Negroes in the first generation topped out at 37,245 with an estimated accumulation of 50,000,000 in real and personal wealth before the civil war. Free Negroes in southern cities undertook businesses in skilled labor such as carpenters, tailors, shoemakers, wheel wrights, brick layers, butchers, and painters.
3. The
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It was hostile to any Negro who showed independce in his thinking in regard to racial and economic problems.
5. Black teachers were influenced to limit instruction to or away from certain topics by treats of being placed on the “black list”. Negro teachers were placed upon a “black list” indicating that they were not fit to teach in Negro schools because they did not have the “right” philosophy of racial adjustment. In addition a teacher could be placed upon the list by merely refusing to submit to insults by southern whites.
Chapter 5: Break with the Traditional Background
1. The mulatto elite separated themselves from the black masses by assimilating the morals and manners of the slaveholding aristocracy. They acquired as a part of their family traditions the patterns of behavior which were associated with the idea of the southern lady and southern gentleman. As a rule, these families formed a closed circle from which were excluded all who could not boast of similar ancestry and did not conform to the same standards of morals and manners. They were self-conscious of their “culture” which consisted of the enjoyment of English and, in Louisiana, French classical literature music. They maintained literary societies in which they could enjoy and foster their “culture.” The patterns found in rural as compared to urban black communities changed. The folk tradition of the…

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