Black Social, Intellectual, And Political Boundaries

1904 WordsApr 17, 20168 Pages
Pan-Africanism signifies the difficulties of black social, intellectual, and political notions over a two hundred year span. What establishes Pan-Africanism, on the basic level, is the unity of Africans worldwide. Pan-Africanists believe that the African people in its entirety, which includes the Diaspora and the African continent, does not just share common beginnings but also a common destiny. (Asante, 1976, p. 97) This ideology of an intertwined past and future of all the African people has however took many forms, as different thinkers feel that there are different methods in achieving African unity. Three great thinkers, W.E.B. Dubois, Marcus Garvey, and Malcolm X, were all leaders of their own Pan-African movement which each contained their own element in achieving Pan-Africanism. DuBois took a more academic stance which included the utilization of the elites, whereas Garvey and Malcolm X were more so grassroots organizers as they believed in the bottom-up decision making rather than top-down. To commence, Dr. William Edward Burghardt DuBois, better known as W.E.B. Dubois, is acknowledged as the “Father of Pan-Africanism.” (Esedebe, 1971, p. 84) One of DuBois first movement towards Pan-Africanism was his idea of the “Talented Tenth.” He felt that in order to save the Negro race it must be done by “exceptional men.” (Franklin, 2011, p. 301) Dubois believed that the development of the Negro race must be done through college education. This involved writing books,
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