Blood Transfusion Is A Crucial Part Of The Health Care

1923 WordsApr 24, 20178 Pages
Blood transfusion is a crucial part of the health care system all around the world and contributes to saving lives of millions in both routine and emergency settings. With the advancements in Clinical Medicine, the need for this life-saving fluid is rising. The annual blood collection across the world is over 88 million units of blood for a world population of 6,910 million, requiring 150 million units (1). The availability of safe blood is dependent on the human blood volunteers. Volunteer blood donation (VBD) is, in fact, believed to be the cornerstone of the safe blood transfusion services (BTS) (2). However, there is a huge disparity regarding the collection of blood via donation between high income and low-income countries. According…show more content…
The grave situation of blood collection, storage, and utilization can be judged by the maternal mortality. WHO quoted that almost five women die every hour in India due to insufficient blood transfusion after obstetric hemorrhage (7). The condition of rural India is even worse. This article unfolds the ground reality of blood donation and transfusion in India through the experiences of a young Indian physician. Blood donation in India started in 1942 during the 2nd world war and was aimed to help wounded soldiers. In 1954, a social reformer initiated voluntary blood donation camps. The next milestone was the declaration of October 1 as the Blood Donation Day in 1975. But this was followed by a major setback in 1980 with the emergence of AIDS. This created a fearful environment amongst the general population towards donating blood and receiving a transfusion due to the risk of getting infected. Even after almost 4 decades of development of various techniques for obtaining blood via closed collection system in a sterile environment and screening for various transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI), the fear of contracting “some sort of infection” is persistent. This misconception has been one of the major roadblocks to building a strong base for VBD. According to the WHO, nearly 38% of voluntary blood donations are by people under the age of 25(8). Moreover, India is home to the largest number of young population, yet only one percent of eligible donors donate

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