In today’s American society, being born black is often life threatening and comes with many struggles and fears. The author Brent Staples visibly demonstrates the presence of black men, in his article “Black Men and Public Spaces”. Staples illustrates to the readers how black men attempt to live their lives as normal as possible, but are unable to because of the fear society has of them. Brent Staples attests to the turbulent lives black men face in society, from their childhood to an adult age. Staples is able to demonstrate the various issues black men face in society with the use of logos, ethos, and pathos.
Systematic racism continues to perpetuate the marginalization of people of color in the 21st century despite belief of living in a post racial society. This unfortunate reality is seen in many different forms of current culture. One of the ways systematic racism takes current form, is in the negative portrayal created by a single narrative, or the lack thereof, minority groups. This lack of representation or diversity of people of color in different forms of art and platforms, not only affects those subject to misrepresentation, but perpetuates negative attitudes and discriminatory behavior towards those subject to misrepresentation. It is necessary to look into the ways this single narrative in different art forms affects marginalized group, and the current move to dismantle the component power plays in who gets to tell these stories.
The misinterpretation of African Americans is very prominent in society. Claudia Rankine’s Citizen sheds light on the hyper-visibility of the African-Americans through stereotypes and invisibility of the Black body itself in an attempt to get readers to understand the inner conflicts of Black citizens. Citizen is composed of seven sections, which vary in length and content. The book is interspersed with photographs, sculpture, paintings, and other types of media. Rankine also draws from film and video, and various news media. Her descriptions of encounters between people of different races show how disconcerting words are and how they affect people. Though we often hear about deep-rooted institutional and cultural forces that contribute to racism, it appears that we less often hear about the psychological processes involved. Many would like to believe that racism is over, but society actions are a constant reminder of their true feeling about Blacks. Racial bias is prominent at all levels of the institution and it paralyzes the race as a whole. Rankine uses pronouns, anecdotes, and visual art to uncover the unconscious nature of racism and extend the conversation. The audience is both the eyewitness and the victim in this “post-racial” society that fails to teach us how to be a citizen. In allowing us, the readers and audience, to subject ourselves to this hurt, we experience, an understanding of true citizenship by identifying the wrongs and understanding the difference.
One of the most intriguing and influential images included in Citizen by Claudia Rankine is the image entitled Blue Black Boy. Blue Black Boy is a visual work of art created by Carrie Mae Weems in 1990’s; Weems is a very successful female African American artist. Through a close reading of the image, I was able to derive meaning out of the various aspects that work together to create such an eloquent work of art.
With the rise in the #BlackLivesMatter movement, racism has been a hot topic of discussion in news, music, television, and in film. America is finally beginning to understand and confront the effects of racism in society. Although the country still has a long way to go in regards to reform and achieving true equality, the acknowledgement of the existence of racism is a large first step. Despite the frequency of conversations about racism, there is still one vital aspect that is ignored and overlooked that greatly contributes to the hindrance of true change. Colorism. As a society, when speaking of racial inequality in the black community we fail to realize the role colorism has and the effect it has on those that suffer from it. Colorism in the black community is one of the main things that keeps us from
For many centuries racism has being an ongoing problem and occurrence in many societies, especially in America. Many different measures have been taken to try and diminish the racism that clearly infests this beloved country, but none have ever truly worked. Although these measures have never effectively worked to erase racism out of our society as a whole, some have opened people's’ eyes in creative ways to understand that it is no joke. One measure that has somewhat worked is through media and the arts such as cinema, literature, and paintings. An example of cinema is Jordan Peele’s movie, “Get Out” that portrays racism through a sense of horror that captivates a viewer's mind to see and understand the underlying theme of it all. “Get Out” is about a young African-American man named Chris who falls for a young Caucasian woman named Rose. Together they are going up to meet Rose’s family who put on an act to make it seem like they are somewhat normal, but in reality lure young African-Americans into their home every year to auction them off to a group of older white people so they can use their bodies for pseudo-immortality. Peele’s horrific movie “Get Out” opens a viewer's eyes and mind to the different concepts of racism and how brutal and unjust it is to people of color.
Black people still call America their home, even though they are consistently discriminated against. Consistently hated on because of how they look like. Black people have been viewed as trouble, suspicious, no good, and will never be anything respectable (Goldberg 2). When young black children cannot be protected from this everyday, so they adapted to this way of life and was to never believe otherwise. Racism and discrimination limit not only black people, but everyone of color. People of color believe they will never be like a white man because of all the advantages a white man has. However, people like Benjamin Banneker, Kenneth Clark, and Toni Morrison are showing their skin color does not relate to their success or intelligence (Goldberg 3). These people are showing how even with all the injustice in America, they were still able to be successful. It is not about what the color of one’s skin is, it is about the mindset and perspective of each
Who are we? What defines us? In America, we are defined by our class, what we do and most importantly – how we look. Since the birth of our nation, a notion of “race” has been rooted to our core personas. In fact it can enforce stereotypes of class and careers. It is evident that Black Americans are un-proportionally living in poverty and without easy access to achievement. This harsh reality is not helped by our media-driven society. In a world so heavily integrated with mass media hysteria, we scroll past posts that can have the countering effects of degradation or empowerment through our identities. While movements of Black Power can be painted through media, it also not hard to see the difference between the ways in which Black Americans are manipulated within the lens of media. They are portrayed as fitting a certain stereotype – uneducated, violent and intriguingly exotic. For example, while women in general face the enemy of “sex sells”, black women have this experience intensified. These women are portrayed as exotic sexual beings. They are objectified and degraded with the intent of women of color being seen as sexually gratifying, but nothing more. The parallels to the mindset one hundred years ago is uncanny – black women, black men and black children are seen as objects to appropriate and use for the media’s benefit. We can see this through our some of our “greatest” stars. Miley Cyrus, the Kardashians and even Justin Timberlake have taken a culture and twisted
Imagine being wrongfully persecuted and mistreated based on assumptions painted by society. The portrayal of the young black male in the late 1980s has not changed much in the United States. Brent Staples is able to reveal the truths of racial stereotyping in the United States, and the stigmas placed on young black males with the use of imagery in Black Men and Public Space. Appealing to the readers’ senses allows for better understanding of the time period Staples is writing about. Visual imagery is used to contrast how Staples appears to his “victims” and how these “victims” appear to the public. The fear the general public has of black males is exposed by appealing to the auditory senses. Non-verbal reactions and body language of those around Staples uncovers their true sentiment towards black males. Imagery is an essential tool in uncovering the racism and stigmatization of black males in the United States. Appealing to ones senses is a very effective way to bring depth and meaning to a message.
Following the police shooting in Ferguson of Michael Brown, EJ brown was inspired to show “the contrast between the perception and reality of being an African American college graduate” (Neuendorf). African Americans are frequently portrayed and stereotyped as thugs and criminals irrespective of their true identities. EJ Brown was an educated black man who did not at all fit the stereotype that is so often shown in the media and wanted to bring light to the fact that most African Americans do not fit this stereotype and that they are so much more than what society sees them as. In these pictures, Brown took pictures of his African American friends in their college graduation gear, holding booking slates with their college majors on them. He was attempting to illustrate how society sees them as criminals and show who they truly are as college graduates with futures that do not involve any type of illegal activity. These pictures are so important for everyone who holds prejudices against African Americans purely based on their race because it has the potential to change their opinions for the better. Race is one of the most publicized areas of controversy and can be heavily based on stereotypes alone without evaluating other angles or digging for the truth. EJ Brown attempted to show the truth about how stereotypes about your race define who you truly are and there are so many people who do not fit the stereotypes that are so prevalent in today’s society. The artwork that he has created was absolutely effective in what he had set out to do because he changed the life of a young boy that now wants to go to college after seeing his pictures.
Color is a very universal topic, describing not only the immediate, but also the mental world of humans. In the article, “What Abstraction Can Teach Us About Race and the Color Black,” the issue of using color to define and go beyond the description of race comes forth through the use of the color black. In different art pieces, the use of the color black evokes a new meaning to the civil rights of African Americans, with an exhibition's purpose to redefine what the term “blackness” means in today’s society. In a Radiolab segment “Why isn’t the Sky Blue?” a discussion takes place that looks at how cultures defined the colors they see, and more specifically how the color blue came about. Surprisingly, the majority of cultures came up with the
Black images play a big role on television not just for adults or the world in general but to the youth. It shows the kids that you can be black and do something positive. In the 1940’s psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark came up with an experiment for black children to see the effects of segregation. So in the experiments the doctors asked the black children which dolls look more like yourself? The results was either the kids started crying or they ran out the examination. Then also during the examination, the doctors showed a particularly disturbing episode in rural Arkansas and the one of the black children pointed at the person and said “that’s a nigger, I’m a nigger”. So with the results from the test it showed 65% of black children
After reading selections from Elizabeth and Hazel alongside essays about race and photography, I came across varies assumptions regarding either contemporary race relations in the United States or photography, in relation to Elizabeth and Hazel. In this essay I’ve decided to talk about the contemporary race relations in the United States in relation to Elizabeth and Hazel.
1. The decision maker in the Jet Blue case was former CEO David Neeleman. He was the person who started Jet Blue and formed it to become a low cost airline provider, providing luxury and comfort and destinations to various cities at a low affordable cost. He understood how to cut cost and keep operating expenses low, and as a result Jet Blue had rapid expansion and flew to 53 destinations in 21 states, including Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the Caribbean. Up until 2007, when David Barger took over, Neeleman made Jet Blue prosperous and consistently made strategic moves in order to produce the best outcome in the areas of maintenance, total operating expenses, and benefits. Even as a response to the ice storm in 2007 where passengers were