Blum And Noble Case Study

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Blum and another researcher Noble began looking at alcoholic and non-alcoholic brains. Finally in 1990 after problems with gene probes Blum and Noble found a connection with a mutation they named the A1 allele and alcoholism. Approximately 69% of alcoholics had this A1 allele and 80% of non-alcoholic brains did not have it. Since 30% of the alcoholic brains did not have the A1 allele then they knew this was only one mutation that was involved with alcoholism. Psychologists are saying that by calling alcoholism a disease there become consequences for the alcoholic. They start to see themselves
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