Bodies and Minds

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How do our bodies and minds change from early to late adulthood?

Joshua Lansberry

Ashford University

PSY 304 Lifespan Development

Prof. Pamela Vincent

May 18, 2015

How do our bodies and minds change from early to late adulthood?

As we age does our mind simply begin to deteriorate in the same fashion as our body does in regards to it physical capabilities? Have you wondered what affect does peri and post-menopause have in relation to memory decline in women? Is dementia directly related to cognitive aging? All of these conditions have one thing in common, they all occur as the human body starts to age into late adulthood. Aging from early to late adulthood has an
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As the body ages into middle adulthood which is forties to sixties other physical changes take place. Physical change become noticeable, disease becomes more prevalent, reaction time slows, eyesight diminishes, height begins to slowly decline, and menopause occurs in women and the male reproductive system starts to slowly change. In late adulthood which is sixties and beyond, height continues to decline, the senses continue their gradual decline and become more noticeable, bone diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases become prevalent and dementia eventually affects a large proportion of adults. Under normal conditions a person cannot be prevented from experiencing predetermined physical changes (Mossler, 2013). Another aspect that changes with aging is cognitive development.

Cognitive development is a broad domain that refers to the development of the mind. Cognitive processes are connected to the growth and decline of memory. Cognition includes the basics of how we learn, make decisions and use language. Mental cognitive development is effected by age as well. One of the reasons many think all older people are in rapid decline is due to the availability heuristic. The availability heuristic is a mental shortcut that causes people to make quick, incorrect judgments based on limited information. Older people in decline get more attention than those who are independent, so the available information
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