Body Deformities in School-Children and Adolescents

1984 Words Feb 26th, 2018 8 Pages
Modern life style encourages children to spend a large amount of time sitting at the computer instead in playground from an early age (1). Physical activity in the modern age generations is decreasing every year, and it is often reduced only to mandatory physical education classes at school, which is not enough to prevent the occurrence of deformities or affect their correction. There has been an increased percentage of posture deformities in schoolchildren over the past 15 years (2).
The position of the spine is characterized by spinal curves (3, 4), two of which are kyphotic: thoracic and sacral; and the remaining two are lordotic: cervical and lumbar. These four curves are essential for balance, absorption and distribution of stress, as well as for the flexibility and range of motion of the spine. The decrease or increase of those curves beyond the normal physiological range adversely affects the motor skills, and if these values are drastically disturbed, deformities may tamper the work of some organs (e.g. heart and lungs) (5-7), they can cause bigger problems in the locomotor activities, create an aesthetic problem and may impair the quality of life (8). Postural variations, such as lateral asymmetry, have been regarded as possible risk…
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