Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

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Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), formerly known as dysmorphophobia, is characterized by a preoccupation of one or more perceived defects and or flaws in one’s physical appearance. These defects and or flaws are either not observable to others or appear slightly to other’s. This disorder is also characterized by repetitive behaviors and mental acts as a response to their beliefs on their personal appearance. These behaviors can include but are not limited to mirror checking, excessive grooming, skin picking, and comparing ones appearance to others. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM–5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013), those with this disorder have concerns on their physical appearance…show more content…
In addition, the DSM-5, this disorder also has a high comorbidity rate with major depressive disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Another major clinical feature to this disorder is the repetitive behaviors done to help alleviate the obsessions one is having about their appearance. Some of these behaviors include seeking reassurance about their looks, excessive grooming, mirror checking, comparison to others, and trying to camouflage the perceived defect/flaw. These seem to be the most common behaviors done in association with BDD, however they are not exclusively limited to this as each individual displays the disorder uniquely to their preoccupation. In a study of 33 youths with BDD it was found that 94% camouflaged their defect, 73% sought reassurance from others, and 59% excessively groomed (Carroll et al., 2002). This disorder can become so clinically significant that many youths avoid social situations, have issues regarding school, stop working, and become isolated due to fear of how they think they look to others. On the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) it was found that a mean score of 44.9-45.7 was reported, indicated serious symptoms and impairment (Phillips & Rogers, 2011). There has yet to be a direct reason that this disorder develops in adolescents and children,
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