Body Focused Repetitive Behavior Essay

1934 Words 8 Pages
Introduction
Nervous habits also identified as body focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs) are behaviors that occur repeatedly across situations and consist of undesired repetitive, manipulative, problematic and or destructive behaviors directed toward the body such as hand-to-head (e.g., hair pulling, hair twirling), hand-to-mouth (e.g., nail biting, thumb sucking), hand-to-body (e.g., skin picking, skin scratching), and oral behaviors (e.g., teeth grinding, mouth biting) and are often seen to play a role in emotion regulation and can arise during periods of heightened tension (Miltenberger,2005 ; Roberts, O’Connor, Bélanger, 2013; Woods & Miltenberger, 1995). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition, does identify body focused repetitive behaviors under Other Specified Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders as a behavior that can cause stress and impairment in areas of functioning however does not meet the full diagnostic criteria of specific obsessive compulsive and related disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2013, pp. 263-264). Roberts et al. (2013) states, “research into BFRBs has been limited in comparison to research into other psychiatric conditions”. One example given by Roberts et al. (2013) referred to the Psychlit database which between the 1975 and 2000 contained 2489 articles pertaining to bipolar disorder, 309 articles pertaining to trichotillomania and only fourteen pertaining to BFRBs. Robert et al. (2013)…