Body Modifications Are An Example Of External Cues

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Impression formation begins immediately upon meeting someone or noticing him or her for the first. People make a wide range of psychological judgments every single day and every time they see some one, typically regarding a person’s traits, moods, personality, and psychological states. People typically base these judgments off of stereotypes, scripts, and other person-relevant information, which generally leads to the judgments being somewhat inaccurate. Despite this, people continue to intentionally and unintentionally use external cues to establish first impressions and opinions within the first few seconds of seeing someone for the first time, and then make perceptions about his or her potential personality and/or lifestyle.
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The present study, conducted by Viren Swami et al. (2012), investigated how facial piercings could or could not affect ratings of physical attractiveness and intelligence. Previous research regarding this subject has had several limitations such as small samples and limited age of participants, specifically undergraduate students. The goal of the investigators in this study was to build on previous experiments and overcome previous limitations by recruiting a large, general population sample as the participants for this experiment. Researchers recruited 440 participants for this study, 230 women and 210 men, from a southern German-speaking area of Europe. All of the participants in the study were Caucasian and a majority of the participants were in a relationship, Christian, and had completed secondary education. It is also important to note that 19.8% of the sample had a body piercing other than the ear lobe. Ultimately, the researchers wanted to explore how facial piercings and observer personality affected perceptions of physical attractiveness and intelligence
To discover the traits of the participants, the participants were given personality tests to discover their scores for the “Big Five” personality traits, otherwise known as openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and emotional stability. They were then asked the
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