Body Systems

6720 Words Dec 22nd, 2015 27 Pages
BTEC 90 Credit/Extended Diploma in Public Services

Unit 5

Physical Preparation, Health and Lifestyle for the Public Services

Learner Resource Pack

Introduction

The human body is a very complex piece of machinery. It is made up of many different systems that work together to allow us to take part in a wide range of sports and everyday activities.

It is important that anyone working with clients in the sport and exercise industry has a good understanding of how each of these systems works and copes with the stresses of exercise.

This unit will explore the structure and the functions of the skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems and how each of them is affected by
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| |There are also 7 tarsals in the foot, 5 metatarsals also in the foot as well as 14 phalanges (toes)|
| | |
| |Hip/pelvic girdle (ilium, ischium and pubis) |
| |The hip girdle is made up of 2 halves that are fused together. The bones that make up each side are|
| |the ilium, ischium and pubis |

Anterior view of the skeleton

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Posterior view of the skeleton
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The vertebral column (spine)

The vertebral column makes up two fifths of the total height of the body and is made up of 33 bones called vertebrae. It can be divided into five different sections:

Different sections of the vertebral column

|Section |Number of vertebrae in each section |
|Cervical |7 vertebrae |
|Thoracic |12 vertebrae |
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