The reliability of the BMI depends on the individual’s abilities to accurately measure, calculate and record the BMI. The tools used to measure the patients height and weight should also be checked to ensure they read accurately, for example calibrating
Thin, non-elastic skin (C) is an important factor in decubitus formation. Proportion of body fat to lean mass increases with age (A), and might help decrease ulcer tendency. (B) results in grey hair. (D) can contribute to broken bones, but it is
It was easy for me to access each report from all three apps and they were all designed user-friendly, making it easy to understand. Entering the food I ate manually made it difficult because each app would have a different nutrient breakdown and calorie intake report. It was easier to scan the food barcode to receive the same nutrient breakdown and calorie intake from each app. Myfitnesspal and MyPlate reported the same amount of calories burned because they both automatically received the information through my phone. However, for SparkPeople, my physical activity report was different because I had to manually input the workout that I did and how much time I spent doing
Body fat distribution can be estimated by skin fold measures, waist-to-hip circumference ratios, or techniques such as ultrasound, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging.” (www.cdc.gov) The difference is that obesity is a definite problem, whereas being overweight can be directly related to obese but may just be that your lean muscle weight is higher than the average person in you height category.
Although many individuals are uncertain about the increasing statistics associated with obesity, more than seventy percent of men and virtually sixty-two percent of women within the United States adult population are overweight or obese (Wilmore, Costill, & Kenney). Obesity refers to the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. If an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too excessive, he/she is at a much greater risk of developing life-altering diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, etc. (Wilmore, et al., 2008).
Often times, the inclusion of water, muscle mass, and bone (which all contribute to one’s body weight) is disregarded. For example, a 72-inch endurance athlete at 200 pounds would have the same BMI as a 72-inch sedentary person weighing 200 pounds. Yet, both individuals would be considered overweight (their BMI would be 26, and a BMI >25 is considered overweight). If we are using BMI to diagnose obesity, then athletes like Mike Tyson and Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson (both famed for their fitness and strength alongside talent) are obese and “diseased.”
Childhood and adolescent obesity is a growing epidemic within the United States, creating significant short and long-term impacts on individual health and placing increased economic burdens on the health care system.1 Over the past 30 years, childhood obesity has more than doubled and adolescent obesity has quadrupled, with more than one third of children being overweight or obese in 2012.2 The negative health impacts of childhood obesity include increased risk factors for cardiovascular disease, pre-diabetes, bone and joint pain, sleep disorders including sleep apnea, hypertension, and social/psychological issues.2,3 Furthermore, studies have shown that childhood BMI levels and triceps skinfold thickness (SF) are associated with adult BMI and adiposity, indicating that addressing childhood obesity is critical to reducing obesity and chronic illness in adults.4,5
Obesity has dramatically increased in the United States over the past two decades. Along with obesity come many serious, preventable health conditions. Currently, more than one-third of adults in the United States are obese (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2015). If current trends continue, experts predict that half of all Americans will be obese by the year 2030 (CDC, 2015). Body mass index (BMI) is said to provide the most useful population-level measure of overweight and obesity (National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), 2015). Using tools such as the adult BMI assessment, health care providers can identify problems and work with patients on a solution to decrease the incidence of obesity and maintain
Obesity is becoming a major problem to many Americans as well as many people around the world. Being the second cause of preventable death in the United States, obesity increases the risk of numerous adverse health problems including breast cancer, heart disease, type II diabetes, osteoarthritis, colon cancer, stroke, and more. Obesity is defined as an excess proportion of total body fat, with a person being considered obese if his or her weight is twenty percent or more above normal body weight. A common way to measure obesity is by calculating the body mass index. An individual is considered overweight if his or her BMI is between twenty five and thirty,
The Army Body Composition Program (ABCP) relies on a basic form of body circumference measurements to determine a soldier’s body fat composition. Many people believe this standard of measuring is an unfair and inaccurate representation of their true body composition. There are several options that could provide a more accurate measurement such as hydrostatic testing, skin fold method, Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA) only to name a few. There are many factors that influence the decisions of leaders such as availability, cost, reliability and accuracy of the method in which method they decide to use.
This study considered a skinfold assessment performed at the right triceps and the measurement of the body fat percentage by mean of a Bioelectrical impendance machine (BIM). This is a more complex method. It is hypothesised that there is a positive linear relationship between skinfold thickness and body fat
My client’s, Miles Meredith, goals are to decrease disease risk, body fat, as well as improve strength, flexibility, and performance. The physical examination determined that Miles is 5 feet 8 inches tall, weighs 166lbs, and has a waist circumference of 34 inches. That puts him at a BMI of 25.24. According to the skinfold test his body fat percentage is at 15%. His other vitals are all within normal ranges. His resting heart rate is 76 bpm, and he has a resting blood pressure of 78/110 mmHg.
Purpose of the Study: To determine the inter-rater reliability and validity (via sensitivity) of a hand-held bio-impendence (Omron HBF306C) device in measuring body fat among a group of overweight individuals (BMI > 25 kg/m2)2 enrolled in a weight loss program.
Obesity rates are soaring throughout North America (What Is Obesity?, 2013). With obesity reaching almost epidemic proportions in the United States, and the threat of a global epidemic, we must watch this alarming increase carefully ( Health Risks of Obesity, 2013). Obesity is defined as: "…an excess of adipose tissue…" (A Report of the Surgeon General, 2014). The two most common measures of obesity are Body Mass Index (BMI is a ratio of weight to height) and relative weight index, such as percent desirable weight (Body Mass Index , 2013). BMI is the most frequently used measure of obesity as it has a strong correlation with more direct measures of adiposity, such as underwater weighing (A Report of the Surgeon General, 2013). Some
This is a laboratory report on measuring body composition. The aim of the laboratory report was to compare two different field methods skinfolds and bioimpedance analysis to measure body composition and evaluate the most reliable doubly indirect method to measure body composition. A number of studies such as Kitano,T have shown a strong correlation between skinfold and bioelectrical impedance analysis and tend to have an average body fat difference of less than 0.6.