Boko Haram And Its Effect On Women And Children

1604 WordsMay 5, 20177 Pages
Boko Haram is the infamous insurgency that sprang up in Nigeria in 2002 with then relative influence that has now gone on to gain worldwide attention thanks in part to their horrendous abduction of over 200 young schoolgirls. This terrorist group is responsible for “numerous attacks on government and civilian targets that resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries, widespread destruction, the internal displacement of 1.8 million persons, and the external displacement of an estimated 191,000 Nigerian refugees to neighboring countries, principally Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.” In order to truly understand why Boko Haram has unleashed an immense level of terror and destruction in Nigeria, this paper will first analyze what factors lead to…show more content…
Security challenges, marginalization, resource control, unemployment, religious intolerance, and neglect of educational and health sectors were all factors that heightened the insecurity that allowed for the insurgency to take place. The low standard of living brought discontent from unsatisfied Nigerians who expected more from their government which leads them to believe that their government had undermined, under-developed and impoverished the vast majority of the peoples. These factors, also known as “relative deprivation,” eventually allowed for Boko Haram to emerge as an armed revolt that “concentrated on destroying government establishments because it… blames the government for not managing the resources of the state for the benefit of the people.” The man to come along and exploit the “relative deprivation” was Mohammed Yusuf who saw how unsatisfied the people were and used it as a driving force to manipulate the people into thinking that the government was corrupt solely due to western influence. Yusuf created Boko Haram with three doctrines for the members to follow: “(1) implementing Islamic Law through all of Nigeria, (2) providing rhetorical support for the transnational global jihad, or (3) engaging in criminal activity, especially kidnapping for profit.” These are the basic principles that encompass Boko Haram. Years after the founding of the terrorist group, Mohammed Yusuf was killed by Nigerian security agents
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