Bone Remodeling : A Form Of Tissue

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The trabecular bone is a form of osseous tissue that is found in the proximal and distal ends of long bones, along with the bones of the skull, pelvis, ribs and the vertebral bodies. The trabecular bone undergoes remodeling every two to eight months in order to accommodate the load of physiological stress and mechanical forces on the bone (Huiskes et al. 2000). Bone remodeling is the reshaping or replacement of bone during growth and following injuries such as fractures, but it also occurs in cases of micro-damage (Kini and Nandeesh, 2012). This supports Wolff’s Law, which states if loading on a particular bone increases, the bone will remodel over time to strengthen itself to resist that type of loading (Frost, 1994) The use of trabecular…show more content…
In order to establish a positive identity, a scientific comparison between premortem and post mortem biological features needs to be conducted. This is done by analyzing fingerprints, radiology, DNA, and odontology (Quatrehomme, 2014). In circumstances when these methods are not able to be utilized based on the completeness of the skeleton, the individualizing features of the bone such as the external shape or the radiography of the internal structure, otherwise known as the trabecular bone pattern, are used (Mann 1998). The trabecular bone is used in this setting because it acts as a “fingerprint” to every individual (Kahana 1994, 1998, Mann 1998, Quatrehomme 2014, Cateneo et al 2006). The architecture of the trabecular bone is unique between individuals because everyone puts different types of physiological stress on their bodies. The variables that affect the way the rate/ design of the bone pattern are diet, exercise, sex, disease, work load, and age (Mann 1998, Raisz 1999). A significant number of these attributes can be linked to an individual’s culture and environment one resides in, and ultimately can affect the amount of loading that the bones undergo.
Despite there being a strong relationship between the individual’s cultural background and the remodeling of the trabecular bone, no studies have been
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